China: World Containership Fleet Vessels Growing – New Equipment, Expertise Needed
As the global container fleet continues to expand in both vessel size and overall capacity the need for specialized equipment and expertise grows as well, as port facilities move to update cranes and procedures to accommodate the bigger ships and greater productivity requirements.
According to shipping industry analysts Alphaliner, as of the middle of August, 133 new containerships had been delivered entered into service in 2011, bringing the global containership fleet to over 4,900 vessels, representing 15 million TEUs of capacity. Another 659 container vessels, representing another 4.5 million TEUs, are yet awaiting delivery.
“The vessels themselves are just one factor in the global shipping industry” observed Halfdan Ross, Managing Director of Crane & Engineering Services in Shanghai, noting that “without the proper equipment – that is cranes – the productivity potential of the expensive new larger vessels cannot be properly utilized – and those larger ships cost nearly $200 million each so the need to make every minute count is compelling”.
The introduction of Ultra-Large Container Ships of over 10,000 TEU capacity is changing the economics of the industry, and putting new pressure on terminals to be able to not only provide deep enough draft, but also tall enough cranes with sufficient reach to span the up to 23-container wide giants.
Vessels of 10,000 TEU capacity and above account for nearly a quarter of all vessels awaiting delivery with 159 currently on order. Another 111 vessels of between 7,500 and 9,999 TEUs will also be delivered over the next few years, and by the end of 2014 more than half of the world’s container fleet will be comprised of vessels of 5,100 TEU capacity and above, up from 40% at the end of 2010.
Ports and terminals will have to invest in new and larger cranes to accommodate these vessels not only among the world’s major load ports and transshipment hubs where the largest vessels will be calling, but also at regional and locally-oriented facilities where vessels currently in service on Transpacific and Transatlantic will cascade down to “North-South” routes as they are replaced by the newest containerships entering service on the East-West trade lanes.
The need for experience and expertise in STS crane design, manufacture and installation, as well as inspection and maintenance training and performance will become an increasingly larger part of terminal operations’ financial equation.
“The largest STS cranes represent an investment of about USD 8 million each and equipment life-cycles and down-time become even more important cost factors of terminal profitability and productivity” noted Mr. Ross.
“In 2010 there were about 4,900 STS cranes operating around the world, with just over 1,000 capable of a greater than 22-container reach or more, and half of them of in the Far East, but in all of Africa there are just 199 STS Cranes of Panamax size or above, 143 in all of South Asia, and 138 in all of South America; clearly this is a situation which will have to be addressed, and quickly”, said Mr. Ross.
About Crane & Engineering Services
Crane & Engineering Services was established in 2009 as an independent business created from the Technical Services Department of APM Terminals, one of the world’s leading container terminal design, management and operating companies. Over the past seven years CES has played an integral role in the successful delivery of more than 150 STS cranes and more than 300 RTGs to over 30 facilities around the world, including some of the industry’s newest, largest and most technologically advanced container ports and terminals for outside clients as well as APM Terminals.
Crane & Engineering Services provides independent service as crane engineers and third party inspectors with offices in Shanghai, Hong Kong, Berlin and The Hague, with additional representation in South America and South Africa. Its 60-person staff represents the combined hands-on experience of over 400 years in crane engineering and procurement procedures in over 50 ports and 22 countries on five continents.
About APM Terminals
– providing the port and inland infrastructure to drive global commerce
APM Terminals is taking a leading role in addressing the critical issues facing the transportation industry. With customers and business partners, the company has designed the world’s most comprehensive port and inland network to meet the shipping community’s needs today, tomorrow and in the future. With more than 60 ports and 132 inland facilities in 63 countries – the goal is to offer the market more solutions than ever before to help companies and countries achieve their ambitions.
Source: apmterminals, September 20, 2011;