Australia: JCU Records Underwater Sounds in Great Barrier Reef
JCU researchers are recording underwater sounds in the Great Barrier Reef to help track animal movements and human activities such as shipping.
JCU’s Centre for Sustainable Tropical Fisheries and Aquaculture (CSTFA) is collaborating with JASCO Applied Sciences, a world leader in the science of industrial underwater noise and its effect on marine life, on the project.
A JASCO Applied Sciences Autonomous Multichannel Acoustic Recorder (AMAR) was deployed late last month at Wheeler Reef off Townsville for a three-month project.
The AMAR will record sounds across a broad range of frequencies to better understand the role of natural, biological and man-made noise, such as dredging, in the Great Barrier Reef.
JCU’s Director of CSTFA Professor Colin Simpfendorfer said the recorder had unique abilities.
“It provides us with an amazing ability to record the sounds of the reef, including a range of fish, crustaceans, whales and dolphins that all generate unique noises,” Professor Simpfendorfer said.
“On top of that, it also records the noise generated by human activities such as shipping, and acoustic tags that we use to track fish and sharks.”
JASCO engineer Craig McPherson said acoustics were a very powerful tool that to date had been under-utilised in the GBR.
“The AMAR is a cutting-edge acoustic recorder capable of capturing a wide spectrum of sounds, from the high frequency echolocation click of a dolphin to a low frequency distant ship,” Mr McPherson said.
“In this project it will store recorded sounds onto more than 1.8 Terabytes of solid state memory for later downloading and processing, however it is also possible to stream the information in real time if the project demands it.”
Once processed, the information recorded would provide a better understanding of the role of the natural, biological and anthropogenic underwater soundscape contributors in the GBR, he said.
Press Release, June 6, 2013